Dr. Jack Thrasher has a PhD in cell biology from the UCLA School of Medicine, and is an expert on the impact of mold on human health. Here, he discusses the health effects of toxic molds and bacteria, as well as his recommendations for remediation.
Dr. Mercola's Comments:
Jack Thrasher, PhD, is extremely knowledgeable on the topic of mold and how it impacts your health. Interestingly, from a toxicity point of view, some mycotoxins that molds produce are actually far more toxic than heavy metals, in terms of concentration. Mold mycotoxins also tend to affect more biological systems in your body than pesticides or heavy metals do.
"For example, stachybotrys produces mycotoxins referred to as trichothecene. They inhibit protein synthesis. It infects every organ of your body from your toes to the top of your head," Dr. Thrasher says. "I really think that the molds are much more dangerous from that point of view."
This flies in the face of what is commonly appreciated about toxic contaminants. Most would assume that pesticides or heavy metals would be far more dangerous. However, mold is a very significant health issue. And despite the fact that molds have been around forever, mankind has not developed greater tolerance against them than more modern chemical toxins. Part of that is because they tend to rapidly mutate.
"Let's take a look at Cryptococcus for example," Dr. Thrasher says. "Cryptococcus used to be endemic to the desserts of southwest United States. Now there is a new species… that was accidentally released up in Vancouver, Canada. It's spreading from the northwest throughout the country. It's a mutated form, [and] highly pathogenic to humans. About 25 to 30 percent of the humans who have become infected with it die… When they mutate they avoid our immune system.
The other thing they can do is produce chemicals that suppress your immune system at the same time. So therefore, I don't think we'll ever become resistant to these organisms."
Mold—A Hidden Pandemic in America?
According to Dr. Thrasher, the prevalence of mold in America is so great, he refers to it as pandemic. As many as 40 percent of all American schools and at least 25 percent or more of all homes are believed to be affected by mold and microbial growth due to water intrusion. A large portion of the problem stems from shoddy construction.
"One thing that I have seen and observed by working with individuals in the field who understand construction, is that construction is extremely poor in the homes we have today. Plus, they're using building materials that are tremendous good food material for the microbes.
When I was a child… all the homes were built with genuine lath and plaster on the inside. [Now] you walk in and knock on any wall and you have what we call wallboard. That wallboard loves and is a good growth medium for all forms of mold. Everyone that I can think of, almost everyone now has carpets. The backside of carpets is also a great growth medium for mold and bacteria.
… The other type of home that I'm seeing that is of tremendous potential problems to the homeowner is homes that are built with a basement… [T]hey put the concrete down, and there is no water barrier between the earth and the concrete wall of the basement.
The same thing with the foundation, there is no water barrier. So when you water your yard, when there are heavy rains and things like this, the moisture… goes right to the foundation and into the basement or underneath the house, and then the moisture wicks up through the home, increasing humidity.
All of that increasing humidity, anything above 60 percent is going to lead to growth of mold and bacteria… People have to be very careful about this situation. That's the reason why I call it a pandemic."
Gutters can also cause problems. You need to be mindful of the drainage from your roof. I didn't realize this myself, and suffered the consequences when one of the gutters on my home drained onto the ground directly beside the wall, and the water seeped straight through to my basement. So you want to make sure the downspout is far enough away from the building. Ideally, it should empty at least 5 to 10 feet from the wall.
You also want to take care that the soil next to the walls of your home slopes away from the walls, to prevent water from collecting around the foundation. And make sure your lawn sprinklers do not spray the walls. Other common construction issues that can contribute to water intrusion and subsequent mold proliferation include:
Using polyethylene PVC piping instead of copper or galvanized piping, which can be easily punctured by nails or staples Bath tubs installed with improper sealing around the drain Improperly sealed sinks and garbage disposal Installing particleboard (waferboard) after it has been rained on during construction
Bacteria—Another Health Risk Related to Mold Damage
Growing right along with mold are what's called 'gram negative' and 'gram positive' bacteria. Just like mold, they require moisture and organic material to thrive, and the synergistic action between mold and bacteria further increase and worsen inflammatory health conditions.
"The gram positive are group of bacteria that are being totally overlooked," Dr. Thrasher says.
"These positive bacteria consist of several bacilli, cocci, and one group called the actinomycetes. The actinomycetes contain several different groups of bacteria like mycobacterium. We're all familiar with… mycobacterium tuberculosis.
There are 139 other species of mycobacterium that can grow in our environment and 11 to 12 of those in the indoor environment are very serious human pathogens and can cause a condition called mycobacterium avium complex... and this is a very dangerous situation. It causes serious infection of the lungs and can spread throughout the body. Many of the symptoms are those of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The condition can go on and develop into an asthma-like condition and then also into sarcoidosis particularly of the mediastinum.
Then the other group are the streptomyces… Streptomyces gave rise to a lot of antibiotics. Also, streptomyces are a source of many of the chemotherapeutic agents that are used today. These organisms are growing in the indoor environment."
Gram negative bacteria are also extremely harmful. When they die, they release their cell walls, which are referred to as lipopolysaccharide, or endotoxins. These endotoxins can severely exacerbate asthma and other conditions because they are highly inflammatory. According to Dr. Thrasher, research indicates the inflammation they cause can also affect your brain and other organs.
How to Detect a Mold Problem
Clearly, the first step would be to conduct a visual inspection. A musty, mildew odor is a tip-off that you need to check the area in question for any visible signs of mold. If you can't see any visible traces of mold, Dr. Thrasher recommends taking an air sample, and using a moisture meter to determine the moisture level in the area.
"I use a moisture meter on every wall of the building or the home looking for hidden moisture. The moisture content of wood flooring, for example, should be no more than 10 to 12 percent. I'm finding floors that have moisture content of 48 percent. Exterior walls shouldn't have anything more than 15 percent, and I'm finding exterior walls with 40, 50, 60 percent.
… The other thing I recommend is to not rely on air samples from mold spore counts. Invariably, that will give you misinformation. The number of mold spores that are in the indoor environment and the outdoor environment vary over the day; it's a diurnal type variation… So it's not a very reliable test for what's in the air.
Secondly, there are certain bacteria that do not release their spores into the air very regularly and you won't find them in the air… So become educated as to what to look for and how to look for it, and don't accept somebody coming in, taking an air sample and saying, "There is nothing wrong with this because the indoor counts are less than outdoor counts." That's wrong logic. Certain species of mold grow indoors much more regularly than they do outdoors. So you have to look at the species of mold, not just the spores."
A better option is to do 24-hour monitoring. However, this type of testing cannot be performed by a typical mold inspector. You need to hire a high-level mold expert for this type of air testing. (I'll list several sources for finding a qualified expert below.) Dr. Thrasher also suggests interviewing the expert in question to find out who they typically work for.
"If they're doing work for insurance companies stay away from them," he says. "You want somebody who is unbiased… [Also] ask them the question, "If you take the airborne mold in the indoor environment can it hurt you or cause toxic reaction?" If the person says, "No, don't worry about it. All it can do is cause allergies," then stay away from that person. That person is not well informed."
After air sampling, Dr. Thrasher also takes swab and bulk samples of the mold growth; actually cutting out a piece of the affected area if necessary, for proper lab testing. Dr. Thrasher explains what he typically tests for:
"We culture for the bacteria. We culture for the mold. We do what we call ERMI (Environmental Relative Moldiness Index), which is an EPA test that was developed by a group in the EPA. This is a PCR-DNA analysis for 31 different species of mold… that is very inexpensive, relatively speaking. It costs $350 to do that test… [W]e take swab samples looking for endotoxins. We also look for… polysaccharides called 1,3-beta-D-glucans… We want to get a good idea what's going on in the indoor environment."
Next Step: Remediation
As soon as you've identified the problem, you have to stop the water intrusion and remediate the problem at its source.
"Let's say you have an infested wall that's in the middle of the home between the living room and say, the adjoining den; what is recommended is that the whole area must be walled off from the rest of the house… In other words, you drape them with a plastic and you have to tie the plastic down with masking tape so that that area will not, theoretically, contaminate the rest of the house," Dr. Thrasher explains.
While you can clean affected metal objects, all organic materials (such as wood, particle board, and carpets) must be completely removed and replaced. You want to make sure that the contractor you hire for the job uses a HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Arresting) filtration machine to trap minute particles, and that they're meticulous when using it.
WARNING!! Be Careful How You Chose Your Remediator
There is no question that a high quality active air purifier can help control mold issues but it will NOT remediate against them. You can use the best air filters and purifiers and they will never solve the problem if you continue to have water intrusion into you home that increases the humidity and feeds the growth of the mold.
You will need to stop the water at its source and carefully remove and clean the mold infested materials. While this may superficially seem an easy task, let me assure you that it isn't.
I recently had a leak in my basement that was improperly remediated for $10K. The cause was not addressed so the problem worsened, which more than tripled the price to properly clean it up. That is part of the reason that prompted me to contact some of the leading experts in this area and learn how to do this properly.
So let me tell you from personal experience, you need to find a qualified expert and professional that is certified by one of the agencies below. I would also suggest getting several bids for the work. You can find contractor or professional listings on the following sites. Both the IICRC and NORMI are certifying organizations for mold remediation, but the IICRC certification is perhaps the most widely used:
IICRC (Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification) ACAC (American Council for Accredited Certification)—a certifying body that is third-party accredited. The IAQA (Indoor Air Quality Association)—a membership organization with no certification program (the ACAC handles this by agreement) RIA (Restoration Industry Association) NORMI (National Organization of Remediators and Mold Inspectors)
Keep in mind that a mere certification or listing may not be enough. Also evaluate the remediator's qualifications and insurance (liability as well as workman's comp). With the ACAC, there are a few different levels.
How to Clean Up Minor Surface Mold
If you have just a small area of surface mold, you probably don't have to call in an expert. However, only attempt to clean it if it's limited to the surface of a small area. You cannot "clean" deep-rooted mold. Dr. Thrasher has one word for those of you who have bought into the home-remedy advice to "kill off mold" with ammonia or bleach: Don't.
"What happens is you'll kill the mold but you'll leave the carcass behind," Dr. Thrasher explains. "The carcass will disintegrate and release toxins into the air. So you really went from one problem (mold growth) to another problem; dead mold and the release of all of their toxins… and then once water is reintroduced in the environment, the mold will grow right back to the surface."
However, for minor visible surface mold on say a baseboard, or on a piece of furniture, you could use a little bit of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and vinegar to wipe it off.
"I just use the concentrated vinegar and baking soda," he says. "All you need is a couple of tablespoons [of baking soda] to a quart of water. The vinegar I just take straight out of the bottle… I generally do the vinegar first and then follow it with the baking soda… The vinegar will kill the mold and the bacteria but you're going to leave residue on the surface and so you scrub the surface to try to get rid of the residue.
… I never validated that procedure, but that's what I recommend; what I do use and it seems to work, but I haven't validated it with research data. I have to be honest with the population out there."
What about Ozone Generators?
While Dr. Thrasher does not recommend using an ozone generator, other indoor air experts do. Ozone generators essentially generate photocatalytic oxidation that can help destroy airborne mold. However, Dr. Thrasher strongly cautions against their use, stating that oxidizing an organic chemical of any kind will create free radicals, and he also points out that ozone can be highly irritating to your mucous membranes and lungs.
Personally, I believe the claim that ozone generators facilitate the removal of volatile organics is correct… But do beware that they should not be used when you're in the room at levels higher than the EPA recommends, and they do pose a danger to both plants and pets. However, the ozone dissipates quickly, so after airing the area out for about 20 minutes, it's safe to return.
Keep in mind that this is different from air filtration, as the ozone generator actually purifies the air and neutralizes any odors at the source, on the molecular level.
Could Your Health Problems be Related to Mold?
Common health problems that can be attributed to poor and potentially toxic indoor air quality include:
Frequent headaches Depression Chronic fatigue Allergies Neurological problems; poor concentration and forgetfulness Skin rashes Stomach and digestive problems, such as dysbiosis, leaky gut, and frequent diarrhea Chronic sinusitis Joint aches and pains Muscle wasting Frequent fevers Asthma or trouble breathing
If you have any of these issues, it may be worthwhile to consider your indoor air quality, and the possibility that your health problems may be related to mold. A meta-analysis, published in last year in the journal Environmental Health, concluded that:
"Residential dampness and mold are associated with substantial and statistically significant increases in both respiratory infections and bronchitis. If these associations were confirmed as causal, effective control of dampness and mold in buildings would prevent a substantial proportion of respiratory infections."
It's important to determine whether or not your health problems are indeed due to mold, in order to properly treat it. Most doctors will simply prescribe an antibiotic for chronic sinusitis, for example. But if your sinusitis stems from bacteria- and mold growth in your home, it's not going to clear up. The next step is typically to prescribe either prednisone or a corticosteroid, which could further worsen your condition.
"You want to stay away from the corticosteroids; you want to stay away from the antibiotics," Dr. Thrasher warns. "What you need to do is to do a culture. Go to a good ENT physician and actually get a diagnosis of what is going on inside of your sinuses. You want to stay away from the corticosteroids because two weeks use -- or even less than this -- of corticosteroids will increase your risk of other infections. Corticosteroids inhibit the oxidative burst produced by macrophages… Let's say you have mold that's growing in your sinuses. So the macrophages in your body, called the innate immune system, are in there gobbling up the spores of the mold, correct?
Then what happens is they put you on corticosteroids, and the role of the macrophages, they'll gobble them up, engulf them, and then produce oxidative burst that kill the spores and the bacteria. The corticosteroids do not inhibit the engulfing aspect of it so they take up the spores and the bacteria, but the corticosteroids inhibit the extra oxidative burst produced by the macrophages. Now, the macrophages contain live spores and bacteria. Now where do they go?
They go any place else in the body they want to go to. So therefore you have increased your risk of other infections particularly fungal infections. I've seen individuals who have been put on corticosteroids because they have been exposed to these indoor environments and then, sometime down the road, have been diagnosed with Aspergillosis."
That's definitely a concern. Additionally, long term use of steroids has other side effects that are well documented, including increasing your risk of osteoporosis and cataracts, and disrupting your hormone balance. So, educate yourself on indoor air quality, and particularly on mold. For more information about mold and its health consequences, check out Dr. Thrashers website at www.DrThrasher.org.
DR PETER J SHIELD - World of Unexplained Mysteries - Dr Peter J. Shield PhD, Author, Adventurer and Archaeologist, has been described as one of the world's most fascinating men. He has been a television and radio host, and a former resident of Australia, the United Kingdom and 20 plus other countries. He has resided in the United States for over 17 years. As an archaeologist Peter worked on excavations on the island of Malta, the setting he chose for his first novel,"In the Image of his God - The Curse of The Shroud by PJShield); a historic fiction surrounding the sacred Shroud of Turin. In his senior years, Dr. Shield counts photography, golf, and the companionship of beautiful young ladies (which prompted his latest work - a guide to seniors wishing to date younger partners "Senior's Guide To The Dating Game") among his leisure interests. Peter now resides back in Las Vegas and has just tied the knot with partner number 7! - www.pjshield.com
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm Pacific LAURIE JACOBSON - Hollywood Haunted - Laurie Jacobson is a renowned Hollywood writer and historian - is currently working on a documentary and book on a major Hollywood icon - under wraps right now. Her fourth book, Timmy's in the Well - the Jon Provost Story (Cumberland House, 2nd printing) celebrated the 50th anniversary of Timmy from the original Lassie TV series. She co-wrote the memoir with Provost, her husband. It will be out in paperback for summer, 2010. Laurie's saucy and inventive Dishing Hollywood (Turner Books, 2nd printing), spills the beans on 43 Tinseltown scandals - with a recipe connected to each one. Laurie's second book, Hollywood Haunted (Angel City Press, 7th printing) covers more than 100 years of ghostly goings-on in filmland. A reformed stand-up comic, Laurie worked out in Harvey Lembeck's Comedy Improv Workshop for years with classmates Robin Williams, John Larroquette and John Ritter. While performing with improv groups, Laurie immersed herself in the history of those who came before her. The stories she uncovered during this period became the basis for her debut, archetype book, Hollywood Heartbreak (Simon & Schuster, 3 printings), a 75-year history of Hollywood told through the lives and deaths of 31 people. Following its publication, Laurie emerged as a leading Hollywood historian. Since then she has written and produced documentaries, television series and specials, including: 20th Anniversary of the Mary Tyler Moore Show, The Museum of Television and Radio's Salute to Funny Women of Television, The Warner Bros. Studio Rededication Party, The Suzanne Somers Show, Photoplay and Hollywood Chronicles. Collaborations with other writers include Suzanne Somers on her book Wednesday's Children, interviews with celebrities raised in abusive environments, as well as contributions to tomes like Hollywood Handbook and Hollywood Archive. As the reigning expert on Tinseltown's ghosts, scandals and mysteries, Laurie appears regularly on radio and television, including: E!, A&E, History Channel, Discovery Channel, TV Land, CNN, Mike Wallace's 20th Century, Entertainment Tonight, Art Bell and AMC. In 2007, she made her film debut in a role written for her in Not Fade Away, starring Oscar™-nominee Shirley Knight. Never idle, Laurie is developing several series for TV, including one based on Dishing Hollywood. In her spare time, she's at the reins of Living Legends Ltd., representing more than 120 nostalgic celebrities for appearances. In 2010, she cast several animated series for NickToons. Laurie Jacobson and Jon Provost make their home in Northern California. For more on Laurie, please visit www.lauriejacobson.com and www.livinglegendsltd.com
SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm Pacific PRASANN V. THAKRAR - God=mc2 - Prasann is the author of God=mc2? Getting Spirituality Down to a Science! This is the first installment in a Series of books to be published over the next few years. Via his writing, Prasann demystifies, clearly defines, and easily explains "heavy" Scientific and Spiritual topics in a truly unique, fun, entertaining and humorous way. In other words, he makes them very "light!" Thus, the practical principles related to these complex subjects become easy to apply in daily-life, and that, in turn, makes the overall goal of life-transformation very easy to accomplish! Prasann V. Thakrar is the newest, most exciting and dynamic author and expert in the field of bridging Science and Spirituality, and in the "new" genre of Self-Empowerment books! Prasann provides scientific, and practical spiritual information that we can use to create the life of our dreams - in every area of life - financial, physical, relational, mental, emotional and of course, spiritual! - http://www.godequalsmcsquared.com
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm Pacific JW FARQUHAR - A Report on the Mathematical Foundation of Intelligent Design in the Bible - Intelligent Design is a concept that considers life on earth the result of some intelligent cause, rather than from some undirected process, such as natural selection. It is the name of a movement consisting of a body of scientists, philosophers, and other scholars who seek evidence of design in nature. Those who oppose Intelligent Design consider it creationism, and most of these opponents promote evolution instead. This battle of ideas is often called the Creation-evolution Controversy. But is it creation verses evolution, or the Bible verses reason, or religion verses reason? There are many who claim that the Bible is not reasonable because the Creation is not scientifically logical, and that evolution is not included in Genesis I. The key to making the Bible reasonable is interpreting Genesis I from the logical standpoint of its intelligent design, instead of the Creationist interpretation. This is a report on the emperical detection of intelligent design of the Bible that reveals the Bible's scientifically logical foundation and reveals reason to be a partner to faith instead of an opponent. Since the creationist view of Intelligent Design and the evolutionist view are both theories and not yet proven, there is room for another viewpoint-The Intelligent Design of the Bible. This report is based on the scientific method, which is often referred to as a five-step process-observation, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, and evaluation. Following is a condensed review of the examination of the Bible's Genesis I for the presence of an intelligent design that (a) fulfills a reasonable answer to the purpose of the creation, (b) forms the foundation of the Bible, and (c) is consistent with science, mathematics, and evolution. - www.mark7publishing.com, www.666markbeast.com and www.intelligentdesigngod.com
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SEGMENT 1: 10 pm - 11 pm Eastern / 7 pm - 8 pm Pacific PHILIP IMBROGNO - UFO Over China or Terrestrial Military / Space Vehicle? - Those probably were not UFOs that hovered over China recently, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology analyst said. The images of the UFOs have caused quite a stir in China and on blogs around the world. But many of the images appear to be faked with the software program Photoshop and the ones that were not faked seem to depict the launch of a Chinese ballistic missile, said Geoffrey Forden, an MIT weapons analyst. Forden, who also specializes in Russian and Chinese space systems. "It seems to me that a DF-21 (missile) launch somewhere near Jiuquan and aimed at a point somewhere in the eastern Gobi desert is the most likely cause of this 'UFO'", Forden wrote. Chinese officials have been looking into the reports about UFOs. They have said they were trying to determine whether the objects were private or military aircraft, rocket flares, reflection in the sky or something else. -
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm Pacific BRIAN DAVID ANDERSEN - Part I - Another Religious Cover-Up? - How the Jesuits have impacted Asia since the middle 1500s. - When Ignatius Loyola and/or the Illuminati founded the Society of Jesus and partnered with the city/nation called the Vatican (not the Catholic Church) in 1534, he, the first Black Pope, and the White Pope set-out to conquer the world. Their first crucial targets were to infiltrate and then take over the ruling classes of China and Japan. Jesuit covert operatives under the cover of being "missionaries" had to pass through Phuket on their trek to the Far East. The black line on the map (below) is the approximate ship route. The reader is encourage to review the oath taken by a Jesuit on page 156. Does the oath indicate that as the Jesuits fanned out over the world that they were just seeking to recruit more members to Catholic Church Sunday services? Or were and are their goals the conquest of the world and control the daily lives of all humans? - www.trivotex.com -
SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm Pacific STEPHEN BASSETT - Alien / UFO Threat to US Nuclear Weapons Press Conference in Washington DC - Captain Robert Salas was on duty in Montana in 1967 when a UFO shut down the nuclear missiles on his base. And he's hardly the only one to make such a claim. Today, Monday, September 27 2010, six former U.S. Air Force officers and one former enlisted man will broke their silence about similar events at the National Press Club, all centering around unidentified flying objects and nuclear missiles. They urge the government to publicly confirm the incidents, stating that they were ordered never to discuss the events. Stephen Bassett will be joining us LIVE from the National Press Club in Washington, DC. - Stephen Bassett is a leading advocate for ending the 63-year government imposed truth embargo regarding an extraterrestrial presence engaging the human race. He is a political activist, commentator and columnist. He is the executive director of the Paradigm Research Group and the Political Action Committee X-PPAC and the executive producer of the X-Conference. His work has been extensively covered by international media.- www.paradigmresearchgroup.org -
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm Pacific BILL KELLY - UN 'TO APPOINT SPACE AMBASSADOR TO GREET ALIEN VISITORS' - 'X' Zone's Rob McConnell was on The Bill Kelly Show today speaking about the story that the UN 'TO APPOINT SPACE AMBASSADOR TO GREET ALIEN VISITORS'. Mazlan Othman, a Malaysian astrophysicist, is set to be tasked with co-ordinating humanity's response if and when extraterrestrials make contact. Aliens who landed on earth and asked: "Take me to your leader" would be directed to Mrs Othman. She will set out the details of her proposed new role at a Royal Society conference in Buckinghamshire next week. The 58-year-old is expected to tell delegates that the proposal has been prompted by the recent discovery of hundreds of planets orbiting other starts, which is thought to make the discovery of extraterrestrial life more probable than ever before. Mrs Othman is currently head of the UN's little known Office for Outer Space Affairs (Unoosa). - www.900chml.com -
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SEGMENT 1: 10 pm - 11 pm Eastern / 7 pm - 8 pm Pacific DAVID J PITKIN - Ghosts and the Paranormal - Retired teacher David J. Pitkin has sought answers to mysteries throughout his life, an activity spurred by a bout with cancer in 1973. Fascinated by the workings of the unconscious mind and on the growing evidence for consciousness surviving body death, he has written five books of researched ghost stories. He studied dream analysis with Dr. Montague Ullman, pioneer dream researcher at Maimonides Hospital. Pitkin believes that dreams of the deceased are often genuine "contact experiences." David lectures widely on parapsychology themes, including ghost stories and near-death experiences. His first collection of New England ghost stories is found in Ghosts of the Northeast (2002), which has sold over 25,000 copies. On September 1, 2010 he published New England Ghosts, containing about 150 more stories, most of which have never before been in print. Pitkin has served as a professional numerologist and spiritual counselor, using his degree in Counseling Psychology (Goddard College, 1990) to analyze peoples' dreams, personalities and spiritual goals. His book, Spiritual Numerology: Caring for Number One, outlining his unique numerological analytical system, was published in 2000. Though he has visited haunted sites throughout Western Hemisphere, his favorite haunts are in the northeast U.S., where the spirits are usually polite, though stubborn. He regales audiences with humorous ghost tales throughout the region. Pitkin's motto is "Enlighten, Don't Frighten," as he stimulates readers and listeners to ponder the profound issues surrounding death-and life. He frequently appears on radio and television, addressing issues of the strange phenomena and the unseen world around us. In 2006 Pitkin completed Adirondack Journey, Glens Falls, NY TV-8's series on haunts in the Adirondack Mountains. His updated Saratoga County book, Haunted Saratoga County, was published in 2005, and has become another local best seller. He published New York State Ghosts, Volume 1 in 2006, and Volume 2 in October, 2008, both of which have become regional best sellers. More people than one would suspect are interested in their life's ending and want it to be a happy one. Pitkin offers suggestions on how to achieve that. His first novel, The Highest Mountain: Death & Life in the Adirondacks, was published in June 2007, and Pitkin is currently working on a sequel, The Explorer: An Adirondack Search, due out in 2014. In March 2009 he released his first CD album of narrated ghost stories with an Adirondack theme: Adirondack Ghost Stories, Volume One. -
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm Pacific ANN ELLER - UFOs - Dragon in the Sky Prophecy from the Stars - Eller, who worked with Dr. J. Allen Hynek, the father of UFO?alien research, has a unique perspective on the UFO enigma. Her fascinating story revisits her days in the White House during the Clinton Administration, her work as a medevac nurse for the Peace Corps, and her exceptional encounters with other?worldly beings. Because of her work with Dr. Hynek. Ann offers unique insight into the inner workings of UFO studies and research, and she also shares her recollections of UFO information with which she became acquainted while serving as Dr. Hynek's personal secretary. An incredible contact experience in Laramie, Wyoming, left Ann with a message to tell the world. Ann clearly and powerfully articulates what mankind must do in the coming days to live consciously. In her book, Dragon in the Sky: Prophecy from the Stars, Ann challenges our assumptions about daily life, warns about what is on the very near horizon and stresses the need for dramatically improving the quality of our relationships to each other and to the Divine. Her wisdom is filled with inspiration, humor, and spiritual insight. -
SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm Pacific MELISSA BACELAR - Animal Communicator - Melissa Bacelar is an accomplished Film Actress, Animal Advocate and Pet Psychic. She is often asked how she made the transition from the cover of Men's Magazines to picking up dog poop. This is just part of her charm. Melissa has always been an animal lover and a psychic fanatic. She never thought she would actually be a pet psychic even though she was told by three different credible psychics from 2008-2009 that she was one and it would play a significant role in her life down the line. This is where her journey begins. In early 2009 she had the wool pulled over her eyes when she was booked on a paranormal radio show as a horror actress. While waiting to go on she heard the host call her a pet psychic. The first thought was to hang up, but she couldn't. She explained to the host that she was not a psychic but the host didn't hear her and immediately had the first caller start asking questions. Melissa thought about how all of her psychic friends explained how they tuned in and she tried to do the same thing. She wasn't sure if it was working, but caller after caller came on and Melissa was extremely accurate in her readings. Clear pictures and images came in from the animal and she knew what they looked like, she felt what they felt and knew what they were thinking. This began her journey into the psychic, paranormal and beyond. -
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm Pacific SIRONA KNIGHT - Wicca - Sirona Knight is an author, researcher and teacher in the fields of magic, Wicca, metaphysics and the occult. She is also both a published poet and a hypnotherapist. She holds a master's degree in psychology and leisure studies from California State University. Knight is a Third Degree Craftmaster and High Priestess of the Celtic Gywddonic Druid Tradition, and has been a Contributing Editor for Magical Blend magazine and a featured writer for New Age Retailer and Aquarius magazines. She lives in the Sierra Foothills in northern California with her husband Michael and their son Skylor. -
A young military family's move into military housing last fall resulted in serious illness, a court-martial hearing, and a job transfer. According to this story published by WRDW-TV in Augusta, Georgia:
Kourtney Shelton and her family just want to raise their children in a safe place. They came to Augusta last October, excited about where life's journey was taking them—but they never expected it would take a dark turn.
Kourtney Shelton has been living in Augusta for about seven months, and as she'll be the first to tell you, some of it hasn't been pleasant. "The last few months have just been horrible," Kourtney says.
Kourtney, her army husband, and their two children moved into military housing on Fort Gordon. For the first few weeks, she says, her family stayed sick.
"When we were out of the home we all felt better, so we started to think that maybe there was something going on inside our home," describes Kourtney.
It wasn't until they spotted spots on their walls and air conditioning vents that they started to get worried. "We had no idea at the time how big the problem was or anything," says Kourtney.
The family snapped pictures of the home. In them, you can see the A/C vent from the outside, and then from the inside. You can also see the air duct. In other places in the home you see paint peeling off the walls and water stains dripping from the breaker box. The family believes some of the pictures show mold. Kourtney says, "The pictures we took from our home are just disgusting."
Several months after moving in, 6-month-old Evelyn stopped breathing. "That was by far the most scary and most traumatizing moment of my life," says Kourtney.
Multiple doctors treated Evelyn, but they did not agree on exactly what caused her to stop breathing. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says mold exposure can cause respiratory problems in kids and adults.
"I went and met with the housing manager and I said, 'We have a big problem here,'" describes Kourtney.
Like many military bases, Fort Gordon's on-post housing is contracted out to Balfour Beatty, a British construction company that builds and maintains homes like the Sheltons' for the U.S. Government.
"Perhaps it's ignorance, I don't know at that time I truly believed that the housing company would have been like...'Oh I'm so sorry, let's make this right, let's make the situation better. Like wow, we really failed your family, let's look into this and move on, let's help make things better.' That was not at all what happened," explains Kourtney.
Balfour Beatty says they did do a visual inspection and took moisture readings. In a statement Balfour Beatty says: "Our readings did not indicate any problems typically associated with excessive moisture or mold growth."
Balfour Beatty agreed to have the air ducts cleaned, the bathroom fans replaced, and some drywall repaired, but the source of moisture was never located. Kourtney and her family eventually moved off-post.
Because of an encounter with Balfour Beatty housing managers, Kourtney's husband was offered an Article 15 punishment. Instead he requested a court-martial hearing.
Last week SPC Shelton was found guilty and demoted by two ranks. However, the judge deemed the unit to have retaliated illegally against SPC Shelton and issued a sentencing credit. SPC Shelton is in the process of transferring to a new base, where the story will continue to unfold. In regard to his sentence, SPC Shelton says:
Guilty... guilty of choosing the safety and well-being of my family over the importance of being quiet when someone else is talking. I am accepting my punishment with my head held high, knowing that I was forced to take the moral right vs. the legal wrong. It is now time to get back to focusing on what is most important to me, to being a soldier, to being the best Papa I can be to my little ones, and the best husband I can be to the woman who inspires me and stands by me through it all.
Part 1 of WRDW-TV's special investigative report can be found here.
SEGMENT 1: 10 pm - 11 pm Eastern / 7 pm - 8 pm Pacific LEE BOYLAND - It Is Time To Wake Up And Smell The Smoke Of 9/11 - Lee Boyland earned a degree in nuclear engineering, then entered active duty as an officer in the U.S. Army Ordnance Corps. A graduate of the U.S. Navy's Explosive and Nuclear Ordnance Disposal Schools, Boyland was assigned to the Defense Atomic Support Agency in Albuquerque, NM. A member of DASA's Nuclear Emergency Team responsible for nuclear weapons accidents, including the rendering safe of armed nuclear warheads, he had access to the design details of every nuclear and thermonuclear warhead developed by the United States through the Mark 63 warhead. His duties took him to the Nevada Test Site on many occasions. After leaving the Army, he designed conventional and special ordnance, and demilitarized chemical weapons at Rocky Mountain Arsenal and Tooele Army Depot. He made the transition to hazardous waste management by applying aerospace combustion technology to incineration of Agent Orange. He is the author of The Rings of Allah and Behold, an Ashen Horse, which received critical acclaim by the Military Writers Society of America. - www.leeboylandbooks.com
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm Pacific CC CAROLE - Investigating the Paranormal - Ms. Carole is a refreshingly stylish and classy woman that hunts for ghosts alone by using a blend of high tech & metaphysics. She takes pride in the fact she is an educator, her fun and entertaining events & lectures on all aspect of the paranormal. Here are a few of the topics CC lectures on; EVPs, EMF meters, High Tech gear, dowsing rods. She is proficient in all aspects of the paranormal. Being born into the wonder world of the unknown (her Grand Mother interpreted dreams) CC has been active in the quest for ghost her entire life. She is a natural born ghost hunter! - www.ccthehuntress.com
SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm Pacific KENNY KINGSTON - Still Psychic After All These Years ! - Today it's not so unusual to be a psychic/medium. But there is a man who paved the way for the current crop of psychics - who was involved in spiritualism long before today's trend. That man is legendary celebrity psychic/medium Kenny Kingston. Kenny's ability to contact the spirit world came when he was born to the seventh daughter of a seventh daughter. In Irish lore, this is a very psychic sign. During his childhood he received frequent visits from the spirit of his grandfather, who helped him with school examinations. He also credits three women in his life with helping him develop his psychic abilities: his grandmother taught him to read tea leaves; his beloved mother taught him psychometry; and legendary film immortal Mae West taught him clairaudio, when Kenny was just 9 years old. Starting in his youth and continuing today, Kenny has given psychic messages and readings to top personalities in all walks of life: Marilyn Monroe (he was her one and only psychic), Greta Garbo, Lily Tomlin, U.S. Presidents Truman and Eisenhower, Carol Burnett, Hugh Jackman, Phyllis Diller, Josephine Baker, Whoopi Goldberg, John Wayne, soap stars from "General Hospital", "Young & the Restless" and "Guiding Light" and Britain's royals from the Duke and Duchess of Windsor to Princess Diana. Kenny Kingston's television career has flourished for many years. In addition to guest appearances on television programs around the world, he has hosted his own TV series twice - "Kenny Kingston: A Psychic Experience" in Los Angeles and "The Kenny Kingston Show" for syndication throughout the East Coast. During each show's run the mail response was tremendous; he often received in excess of 10,000 letters each week. - www.KennyKingston.org
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm Pacific DR DAVID LIEPERT - The 411 on 911 - Lifting the Viel on Muslims in America With Pastor Terry Jones is once again threatening to burn the Quran. Dr. David Liepert, a white, North American Muslim leader, can tell your listeners: · Why burning the Quran is even more incendiary to Muslims (even though they do it themselves) than burning the Bible is to Christians · Why Al Qaida wants Terry Johnson to burn this book · How Terry Johnson will stereotype America to the rest of the world if he does it · A more constructive way Johnson can vent his frustration about Muslims misreading the symbology of Ground Zero, and wanting to build a mosque on America's holy ground Here's a quick bio on Dr. Liepert: · White, North American Christian who converted to Islam · Now represents 80,000 Muslims in North America · Author of Muslim, Christian and Jew: Finding a Path to Peace Our Faiths Can Share · Featured on CNN.com, CNN International and the Huffington Post last month as the spokesman for The Imam's Declaration, a document crafted and read by an entire country of Imam's who joined together to denounce radical Islam · V.P. of the Faith of Life Network - an internationally recognized Muslim organization dedicated to helping diverse communities live together.
OUR FEATURED VIDEO OF THE DAY: Why Are Psychic Readings For Entertainment Purposes Only by Ellen Hartwell - Psychic Ellen Hartwell explains why advertisements for Psychic Readings include the phrase: "For Entertainment Purposes Only." To contact Ellen Hartwell, visit her website at www.ellenhartwell.com - CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE VIDEO The 'X' Zone Radio & TV Show www.xzoneradiotv.com firstname.lastname@example.org
SEGMENT 1: 10 pm - 11 pm Eastern / 7 pm - 8 pm PacificBENJAMIN CREME - The Star & UFO Phenomena - Scottish-born professional artist who paints images of an inner reality perceived through meditation and claims to be a herald of "the reappearance of the Christ" at the end of the twentieth century. Born in Glasgow in 1922, early in his life Creme became attracted to theosophical literature, especially the writings of Alice A. Bailey. In the 1950s he also joined the Aetherius Society, an occult-oriented flying saucer contact group founded by George King, in which he learned a form of meditation called "transmission" meditation. Throughout the 1950s Creme was in direct contact with the Great White Brotherhood, the assembly of beings believed by Theosophists to guide the destiny of humankind. Creme claimed that in 1959 he received a telepathic communication from his own master, a member of the divine hierarchy, who told him that he would have a part to play in the return of Maitreya, the Christ. (In Theosophy, the person who walked the earth as Jesus, and is called the Christ by Christians, is identified as Maitreya, the bodhisattva whom many Buddhists expect to appear in the near future.) A constant and conscious telepathic link was established with this master, by which Creme received precise and up-to-date information about the reappearance of the Christ, which Bailey had predicted to occur toward the end of the twentieth century. - www.share-international.org
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm PacificPASTOR HARRY WALTHER - UFOs in The Bible Code - According to Pastor Harry, the increased sightings of UFOs and the appointment of an Ambassador by the United Nations as an "Alien Greeter" has been prophesized and found in The Bible Code. The Pastor also states that the Antichrist will come in a spaceship and that the Mayan Calendar is a countdown vehicle to his arrival on or before December 12 2012. - www.satansrapture.com
SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm PacificJEFF DWYER - Ghost Hunting - Jeff attended the East Bay campus of the California State University, the University of California at Berkeley, and the Unversity of Southern Calfiornia, earning a bachelor's degree, two master of science degrees, and a Ph. D. in the medical sciences. He has held positions at various medical schools as a professor medical physiology, reseach associate professor of anesthesiology, and researcher in hyperbaric medicine. These jobs took him west to Hawaii, east to North Carolina, South to Panama City, Florida, and back to Southern California. Moving away from research and academia in recent years, Jeff has had a variety of experiences in intensive care units, rehabilitation centers, and medical clinics in Southern California and San Francisco Bay Area hospitals. Numerous paranormal experiences in hospitals and other clinical settings intensified Jeff's interest in ghosts and after-life phenomena and prompted him to write his first book, Ghost Hunter's Guide to the San Francisco Bay Area. This was followed by his second book, Ghost Hunter's Guide to Los Angeles. Jeff's third book, delayed by Hurrican e Katrina, is Ghost Hunter's Guide to New Orleans. It was released in September of 2007. That highly successful book was followed in June of 2008 with the Ghost Hunter's Guide to Seattle and, in September of 2009, Ghost Hunter's Guide to California's Gold Rush Country. - www.jeffdwyer.com
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm PacificMIKE M JOSEPH - 7 Laws Of Successful Correction And Rehabilitation: A Case Against Prison! - Mike M. Joseph was born in 1944 to a strict Biblically oriented Orthodox Jewish family in British Aden, Yemen. In 1949, his entire family moved to Israel, after a local Arab pogrom took the lives of his mother and three other brothers. In 1963 the author moved to Paris, France to study French and work in the fashion industry. In late 1965 the author moved to New York where, about four years later, a change in his religious convictions led him to a community practicing both the Old and New Testament teachings and laws of the Bible. From 1970-1975 the author served on the faculty of a local private college in Pasadena, California - teaching both modern and Biblical Hebrew to students and ministers on Sabbatical year. At the same time, the author attended classes and graduated with a B.A. degree in Liberal Arts - with a major in Theology. After graduation in 1975, and later ordination, Mr. Joseph began his service in the Field Ministry in the Pasadena area congregations. Through the years, Mr. Joseph has published three books and dozens of articles about Biblical, historic, and human relationships subjects. He presently attends a local congregation in the West valley area of San Fernando Valley, California. The author also teaches a Bible Law Series from the Old and New Testaments on the internet website: www.teachingthelaw.org and www.mikemjoseph.com
SEGMENT 1: 10 pm - 11:00 pm Eastern / 7 pm - 8 pm PacificJOHN MILOR - UFOs, Aliens, Angels, A Vision of Jesus Christ and the Bible -John Milor is an author of several books, and radio talk show guest for numerous programs. His interest in understanding paranormal phenomenon began at the age of five after hearing his great grandmother's tale of seeing a UFO hovering over the plains of Kentucky during broad daylight, shortly following the turn of the century. This story, as well as numerous otherworldly encounters of his own, fuelled his quest of the unknown. Then when he reached the age of twenty one, and was visited by none other than Jesus Christ, in a vision. Since that time, Milor has become a born again Christian, yet continues to investigate paranormal phenomenon, using the Bible to interpret his findings. John has earned two Associates degrees and a Bachelor degree in Business. He is currently perusing a Masters in Divinity, and works fulltime as a Master Sergeant in the Air National Guard. - www.aliensinthebible.com and www.aliensandtheantichrist.com
SEGMENT 2: 11 pm - 12 am Eastern / 8 pm - 9 pm PacificNICK REDFERN - Contactees: A History of Alien -human Interaction : We are not alone…and Nick Redfern can prove it. Contactees contains the fascinating stories of the select group of people chosen by visitors to Earth to spread their message. Are aliens really among us? Don't be too quick to dismiss their claims. Truman Bethurum was divorced by his wife because she believed he was having close encounters of a very personal kind with a beautiful extraterrestrial "space captain" named Aura Rhanes. Is he nuts? Prescient? An omen? A band of eerily human-looking, blond-haired aliens-later known as the Space-Brothers-informed other contactees that they were concerned by our warlike ways and wished us to live in peace with one another. Acting on the advice of the Space-Brothers, contactees such as George Van Tassel and George Adamski went out and spread the extraterrestrial word to anyone and everyone who would listen. And many did, including U.S. government agencies. More than half a century later, the contactees are still among us, still telling their tales of personal alien encounters, and still maintaining their cult-like status in the world of UFOlogy. Nick Redfern's Contactees relates their thought-provoking, lluminating, controversial, and sometimes bizarre stories in all their appropriately out-of-this-world glory. Originally from England, Nick Redfern lives in Arlington, Texas. He is a full-time author and journalist specializing in a wide range of unsolved mysteries, including UFOs, alien contact, Bigfoot, the Loch Ness Monster, government conspiracies, and paranormal phenomena. He writes regularly for UFO Magazine, Fortean Times, Paranormal Magazine, and Fate. His previous books include Memoirs of a Monster Hunter; Strange Secrets; A Covert Agenda; and There's Something in the Woods. Among his many exploits, Redfern has investigated reports of aliens in Mexico; lake-monsters in Scotland; vampires in Puerto Rico; werewolves in England; and crashed UFOs in the United States. - www.nickredfern.com SEGMENT 3: 12 am - 01 am Eastern / 9 pm - 10 pm PacificJIM HICKMAN - UFOs Are Real - The Great Airship Flap of the Late 1800's - The truth is so hard to find… Since Biblical times man has witnessed and recorded strange manifestations in the sky and speculated on the possibilities of visitors from another world. Today, from the skies of California, the fields of Kansas, the rice patties of the Orient, the airlines of the world, come persistent reports of UFO's-Unidentified Flying Objects, which we have come to know as flying saucers. UFOs are real. 12,000+ case files reported to the U.S. Air Force from 1947 to 1968 of these, 701 are still classified as true unknowns. An extraordinary 95 percent of all Americans have at least heard or read something about Unidentified Flying Objects, and 57 percent believe they are real. Former US Presidents Carter and Reagan claim to have seen a UFO. At present, the United States government does not officially investigate UFO sightings. UFOs are unidentified flying objects, but no one really knows what they are. Many researchers have theories about what UFOs might be, but because no one can examine a UFO in a scientific laboratory, all of these ideas are really only educated guesses. 95 to 98% of all sightings can be easily explained by experts. We can offer a definition of UFOs, however, that you may find useful when you study the subject: A UFO is the reported sighting of an object or light seen in the sky or on land, whose appearance, trajectory, actions, motions, lights, and colors do not have a logical, conventional, or natural explanation, and which cannot be explained, not only by the original witness, but by scientists or technical experts who try to make a common sense identification after examining the evidence. UFOlogists-and private UFO organizations are found throughout the United States. Many are convinced that the US Government, and particularly CIA, are engaged in a massive conspiracy and cover-up of the issue. The idea that CIA has secretly concealed its research into UFOs has been a major theme of UFO buffs since the modern UFO phenomena emerged in the late 1940s. All kinds of people see UFOs. It does not matter whether you are rich or poor, educated or uneducated, young or old. In fact, many people who report seeing UFOs were not even looking for them when they had their sighting. The chances for seeing a UFO are greater for those people who live in small towns or in the country and are outside late at night. Although most of us have never seen a UFO personally, some colleagues of ours say that their interest in UFOs was sparked by seeing a UFO when they were children or young adults. Many UFO researchers argue that UFOs have appeared throughout history. There are many myths, legends, and stories that tell of strange things seen in the sky or beings who came from the sky to help humans develop civilization. Because modern scholars cannot directly check the facts of these stories, it is impossible to determine if these are accurate reports of true events. Caution should be taken when evaluating many UFO news items -you are encouraged to investigate and research information pertaining to UFOs or stories so that you may draw your own conclusions. - http://hickmanreport.angelfire.com
SEGMENT 4: 01 am - 02 am Eastern / 10 pm - 11 pm PacificMICHAEL COHEN - UFOs from Australia - Michael Cohen is one of Australia's leading paranormal media figures as well as a writer and public speaker. He began his career as a radio psychic and paranormal presenter before taking an interest in the ET/UFO question. He has worked as an advisor for a number of Australian Paranormal themed movie productions including: 'Greenkeeping and 'The Crossing'. He also edits the well known UFO News Service: All News Web and in this capacity has managed to penetrate some highly credible inside sources as to what the government really knows on the ET topic. - www.allnewsweb.com
I used to do one-stop grocery shopping. Stock up on macaroni and cheese, head down the meat aisle, and end with a few fruits or vegetables.
Times have changed. Embracing Hippocrates’ admonishment to make food our medicine, I joined an organic buying club and discovered farmers markets. Because I buy in bulk, I now "shop" for food in rather unconventional ways. At times I feel like I'm performing a CIA covert operation. The mission is not an easy one. Sometimes a shot of wheatgrass juice is all that keeps me going.
Special thanks to producer/director Reagan Fabry and concept creator Sherry Parmelee.